Learn How to Make a Quilt – Make Quilt Block 4 – Half Square Triangle Four Patch | Fat Quarter Shop

(upbeat music) – Welcome to the Ultimate
Beginner Quilt Series by Fat Quarter Shop. In this series, I’m gonna be
showing you how to make a quilt all the way from the start to the finish. This series is sponsored by Moda Fabrics and EverSewn sewing machines. I’m gonna be giving you lots of tips and we’re gonna be building
our first quilt together. In this video, I’m gonna
show you our fourth block, which is the half square
triangle four patch. We’re gonna make our half square triangles a little bit bigger and I’m gonna show you how to trim them down, which is a trick you can
use in all of your quilts. So if you want to not
miss any of our videos, just subscribe to our channel and click the bell to be notified. Let’s get started. There are lots of ways to
make half square triangles, but we’re gonna show you
the most traditional way, but we’re gonna be making
ours a little bit bigger and trimming them down so that we can have a
more accurate result. As you get more advanced,
you can do other methods, but for today we’re
gonna be really simple. So we need to cut some seven
inch squares from four fabrics. So I’ve got my four fabrics, and I’m going to look,
and all in one corner, I haven’t cut from that yet. So I’m gonna have all of my fabrics, they’re nice and ironed,
and I’m gonna stack them where I can cut in that one corner. So we’re right here, and we can cut through
all of these layers. So we have a 6 1/2 inch ruler, and if you’re cutting a seven inch square, I’m just gonna tell you how you
can be a little bit creative by just using a 6 1/2 inch ruler. If you have a larger
ruler, definitely use that. So I’m gonna go ahead and cut from here to here about eight inches. And I’m just gonna make a cut. I’m gonna turn all of my
fabric, keeping it all in place. I’m gonna put my ruler with
a line right on my cut line and I’m just gonna cut starting there, then we can put this away. So we’ve cut a little section off that’s a little bit
bigger than seven inches. And we’ll use the line on our ruler. We’re gonna line up the bottom and the left with seven inches and cut. And then we’ll just move our
ruler up and continue cutting. We’ll turn our fabric, just make sure you don’t lose anything or get anything out of the stack. And then we’re going to cut here. And again I’m just lining up these lines, this lines, and keeping this all in order. And then just move your ruler. So now we have four seven inch squares. And these will be our As, and these will be our Bs. Okay, I’m gonna set my Bs aside, and I’m just gonna work with our As. What we’re going to do is draw
a line from corner to corner in the very center. I’m using a FriXion pen
because the line will disappear with the heat of an iron later, and you want to make sure you
only use it on light fabric. The line will come back if you
get into really cold weather. Now after I’ve got that
line drawn in the center, I’m gonna draw a line 1/4 to the right by using this 1/4 inch
dotted line on my ruler to line up with that center line. I’m gonna turn, put the 1/4
inch on this very center, and draw another line. That’s gonna give you three
lines, one line in the center, and then a line to the left
and the right 1/4 inch away. And I’ll explain all of that in a second. We’re gonna do the same thing on our remaining fabric A square. Center, and then 1/4 inch away. There are other types of
marking tools that you can use. There are some tools that will disappear, the line will disappear with air. So now we’ve got these. We’re gonna pair the blue with the pink, we’re gonna put those
right sides together, now solids don’t really
have right sides together, but if you’re using a print, you want your right sides together. We’re gonna put lots of pins in place so that when we go to the
sewing machine and stitch, our fabric does not move. We’re gonna put about four. And then we’re gonna put
the yellow with the green. And what you’ll see is when
we go to the sewing machine, we’re gonna stitch on the two outer lines, and that is gonna give you
two half square triangles from each and it will make much more sense after we cut those. So when we’re done with this we’re gonna have four
half square triangles. So again when we go to the sewing machine, we’re just gonna use our
normal stitch length, which I like to use a 2.0, and we’re gonna stitch
on these outer two lines. So again we’re gonna
stitch on this outer line. And if you’re using a foot, you wanna use one that has an open toe, and right here in the very
center there’s a little line and you can use that
line, that little dot, to go against your line. So you just keep that. (sewing machine whirs and clicks) And I’m gonna leave my pins
in until I’ve sewn everything all the way so that nothing
shifts as I’m sewing. I’m gonna turn and I’m
gonna go to the other side and again stitch on this outer side and just line up the very center
of your foot with the line. And this is how it will look. Now we can remove our pins
and move to our second unit. So now we drew that center line, we’re gonna cut on that center line. This is going to be in
your seam allowance, so cutting here doesn’t
have to be perfect. And then if you take a little peek, you have got four half
square triangles started. And now we’re gonna take
these to our ironing board. So now we have our half square
triangles, we have made four. We’re gonna set our seams nice and flat, press to one side, just
follow your pattern. We’ll be pressing towards
the green and the pink today. I like to press, finger press, and then put your iron
right on that crease. Do that on all four. And you’ll notice that I am
not moving my iron too much, just nice and gentle. You want this crease to be nice and flat so there’s no puckers. And that is why when I iron,
I iron right on the crease so that everything is nice and flat. You will follow the pressing
arrows in your pattern. And so we have all four pressed, and now we’re gonna take these and we’re gonna trim them down. We made them slightly larger so that they would be
able to be trimmed down. And if you’re new at quilting, this is something you can
do on your regular patterns, just to make them a little
bit bigger and then trim down. So on your Creative Grids ruler, there will be a 45 degree line. And you can see this is 6 1/2,
this width of this is 6 1/2, so we’re gonna trim two sides, and it’s just a tiny bit
that’s gonna come off. Just wanna make sure your diagonal line is on this 45 degree angle. So you just trimmed a
tiny, tiny piece off. We’re gonna turn that around, and we’re gonna put this
right back on that line. And you’ll see that now
that we’ve trimmed one side, the 6 1/2 inch line lines up, so we’re lining this up and this up, and we’re going to trim. And so now you have a
perfect half square triangle that’s 6 1/2 inches square, and you haven’t really wasted any fabric, we’re just trimming a tiny bit off, and we’re gonna do that on all four. Now we have them all trimmed up. That is an extra step that’s
usually not in the process, but by lining up on that 45 degree angle, you’re gonna have perfect
half square triangles and perfect points. Now we’re going to line them
up according to our pattern. And we’re just gonna follow the pattern to make sure we’ve got
it lined up correctly. And then what we’re going to do is we’re gonna sew down this side. So the first thing we’ll do is
put them right sides together on the design board, and this time I’m gonna pin three times. And when we go to the sewing machine foot, we’re gonna change our
foot to be a 1/4 inch foot, and we’re gonna sew both of these seams. So I’m gonna change to a 1/4 inch foot. And we’re just gonna
start in this top left. You’ll wanna make sure your
fabrics are lined up here nice. You don’t want it like this
so that it doesn’t line up. So you want it nice and lined up, start on the very corner and go down. 1/4 inch seam, just keep the fabric right on the edge of your foot. Remove your pin as you get to it. We’re gonna chain piece, so we’re not going to cut our thread, we’re just gonna keep going. Make sure your fabrics are
lined up in the corner. And now we will go press. So we’ve kept our pieces together so they’re staying in place. And we are going to press
towards the yellow green. So first set your seams. Finger press toward the side, then press. And do the other side. Finger press that down. And now we just need to sew this seam. So I’m gonna show you what we’re gonna do to make sure this all comes
out really nice in the center. So now I’m gonna cut
this piece in the center. We’re gonna put these
right sides together. So I’m gonna put my pin
right in this intersection where this point is. And then I’m gonna put it in the same spot on this next part. Keep my pin nice and
flat, put those together, and then I’m gonna pin on
each side of the intersection. That should keep it in place so that when you’re stitching
it together it stays in place. And then we’re gonna put some more pins on the very left, right, and the center. And so all we have to do
is go to our sewing machine and stitch all the way down here. So again, when we start, we wanna make sure that this is square so that you don’t start
something like this where it’s not square. So you just wanna make sure
this is nice and square on the end any time you start. We’re gonna use a 1/4 inch seam. And then I’ll show you some
tips when we get to the center. So when you’re sewing here, you want to sew right to
the right of this point, not right on top of it,
and not to the left. And with the way that we have sewn, it should happen automatically. Now you can see your stitches,
how perfect they look. And we’re gonna go iron. So if you open your block, you
can see if your points match, and they do, so we’re
going to set our seam. Press according to your pattern. And again, I like to finger
press, get that nice and flat, and then put your iron right on that seam. You can give it an
all-over press if you want. And then we can just trim all
the slivers off of our block. So now your block is done, and you can leave it just like this or you can just trim the edges
just to get the threads off, that’s totally personal preference. And I am going to just trim. And you’ll see you just, a
tiny, tiny bit comes off. You really don’t want
anything to come off, just your little loose threads,
so that it’s nice and crisp. And then you can store it for when we put it together at the end. So here is your block four. I would love to see your blocks, so share them with me on social media. And click the description
box for all of the products we mentioned today and the free pattern. And join me next week for block five. (upbeat music)